Creating Dynamic Web Applications With PHP And MySQL

In today’s digital age, dynamic web applications have become a cornerstone of the online experience. These applications allow users to interact with websites, access personalized content, and perform various actions, providing a richer and more engaging user experience. One of the most popular and powerful combinations for building dynamic web applications is PHP and MySQL.

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a server-side scripting language that excels at generating dynamic content. It offers a wide range of features and functionalities specifically designed for web development. MySQL, on the other hand, is a robust and reliable open-source database management system. It provides a scalable and efficient solution for storing and retrieving data for web applications.

Understanding PHP and MySQL

To create dynamic web applications with PHP and MySQL, it’s essential to have a solid understanding of these technologies and how they work together. Let’s explore each of them in more detail.

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)

PHP is a widely-used, server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development. It is embedded within HTML code and executed on the server before the resulting HTML is sent to the client’s browser. PHP offers a vast array of built-in functions and features, making it easy to perform tasks such as manipulating data, handling forms, and interacting with databases. It supports various programming paradigms, including procedural programming, object-oriented programming (OOP), and functional programming.


MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It is known for its speed, reliability, and scalability, making it a popular choice for web applications. MySQL uses Structured Query Language (SQL) to manage and manipulate data stored in databases. It provides powerful features such as data integrity, transactions, indexing, and support for complex queries. With MySQL, you can efficiently handle large amounts of data and concurrent connections, making it suitable for high-traffic web applications.

The integration between PHP and MySQL

The integration between PHP and MySQL is seamless, allowing developers to create dynamic web applications. PHP provides functions and extensions that enable establishing connections with MySQL databases, sending queries, and retrieving data. Whether you choose to use the traditional MySQL extension or newer alternatives like MySQLi (MySQL improved) or PDO (PHP Data Objects), PHP offers convenient methods for interacting with MySQL databases using both procedural and object-oriented approaches. Additionally, PHP provides mechanisms for sanitizing and validating user input, ensuring security when interacting with the database.

By understanding the capabilities and interactions of PHP and MySQL, you gain the ability to leverage their strengths to create powerful and efficient web applications. PHP empowers you to write dynamic server-side code, while MySQL provides a robust data storage and retrieval mechanism.

Setting Up the Development Environment

Setting up a development environment is a crucial initial step in creating dynamic web applications with PHP and MySQL. Here’s a more detailed guide to help you through the process:

  • Install PHP:
    • Visit the official PHP website ( and download the latest stable version of PHP compatible with your operating system.
    • Follow the installation instructions provided for your specific OS, ensuring you choose the appropriate package (e.g., Windows Installer, macOS package, or Linux distribution-specific package).
    • During the installation, you may be prompted to configure additional settings, such as the installation directory and extensions. Make sure to review and adjust these settings as needed.
  • Install MySQL:
    • Head to the official MySQL website ( and download the latest stable version of MySQL Community Server for your operating system.
    • Follow the installation instructions provided, which may vary depending on your OS.
    • During the installation, you’ll typically be asked to set a root password for the MySQL server. Choose a strong password and remember it for future use.
  • Choose a Development Environment:
    • Select a development environment for writing PHP code. There are various options available, including:
      • Text editors: Lightweight editors like Sublime Text, Visual Studio Code, Atom, or Notepad++ are popular choices that provide syntax highlighting and customization options.
      • Integrated Development Environments (IDEs): Feature-rich IDEs like PhpStorm, NetBeans, or Eclipse PDT offer advanced functionalities such as code completion, debugging tools, and project management features.
    • Install your preferred development environment on your machine by following the specific installation instructions provided by the chosen tool.
  • Test PHP Installation:
    • Create a simple PHP file to verify that PHP is installed correctly. Open your chosen text editor or IDE and create a new file with a .php extension (e.g., index.php).
    • Add the following code to the PHP file:phpCopy code<?php phpinfo(); ?>
    • Save the file and place it in the document root directory of your web server (e.g., htdocs or www folder).
    • Start your web server (e.g., Apache, Nginx) and ensure it is running.
    • Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost/index.php (replace “localhost” if your server is running on a different hostname or IP address).
    • If PHP is installed correctly, you should see a page displaying detailed information about your PHP installation.
  • Connect PHP with MySQL:
    • Ensure that the MySQL server is running and note down the connection details, including the host, port, username, and password for your MySQL database.
    • In your PHP code, you’ll need to use the appropriate MySQL extension, such as MySQLi or PDO, to establish a connection to the MySQL database.
    • Utilize the connection details to create a connection object and connect to the MySQL database from your PHP code.
    • Test the connection by running a simple query, such as fetching some data from a table, and displaying the results on a web page.

By following these detailed steps, you can set up your development environment with PHP and MySQL successfully. It ensures that you have the necessary tools and connections in place to create dynamic web applications.

Database Design and Creation

Database design plays a crucial role in developing dynamic web applications with PHP and MySQL. It involves designing the structure and organization of the database to efficiently store and manage data. Here’s an overview of the steps involved in the process:

  • Analyze Application Requirements:
    • Begin by analyzing the requirements of your web application. Understand the type of data you need to store, the relationships between different entities, and the expected volume of data.
    • Identify the entities (such as users, products, orders) and their attributes (such as name, email, price) that need to be stored in the database.
    • Determine the relationships between entities, such as one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-many relationships.
  • Normalize the Database:
    • Normalize the database to eliminate redundancy and ensure data integrity.
    • Apply normalization techniques, such as First Normal Form (1NF), Second Normal Form (2NF), and Third Normal Form (3NF), to break down data into logical and efficient structures.
    • Split related data into separate tables and establish appropriate relationships between them using primary keys and foreign keys.
  • Create Database Schema:
    • Use a database management tool like phpMyAdmin, MySQL Workbench, or the command-line interface to create the database schema.
    • Define the tables based on the normalized design, specifying the table name, columns, data types, constraints, and relationships.
    • Assign primary keys to uniquely identify each record in a table and establish foreign key constraints to maintain referential integrity.
  • Set Up Database Users and Permissions:
    • Create a dedicated database user with appropriate permissions for accessing and manipulating the database.
    • Grant the necessary privileges to the user, such as SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, based on the application’s requirements.
    • Restrict access to the database by setting up strong passwords and limiting access rights to authorized users.
  • Implement the Database Schema:
    • Once the database schema is created, use SQL statements to create the tables, define relationships, and set up any necessary constraints.
    • Execute the SQL statements in your chosen database management tool or by running SQL queries programmatically through PHP.
  • Populate the Database:
    • If your application requires pre-existing data, insert sample or initial data into the tables using INSERT statements.
    • Populate the tables with relevant data that aligns with your application’s requirements.

By carefully analyzing the requirements, normalizing the database, creating an efficient schema, and populating it with relevant data, you lay the foundation for storing and retrieving information effectively.

Connecting PHP and MySQL

Connecting PHP with MySQL is essential to interact with the database and perform various operations. Follow these steps to establish a connection between PHP and MySQL:

  • Select the MySQL Extension:
    • PHP offers different extensions to connect with MySQL: MySQLi (MySQL improved) and PDO (PHP Data Objects). Choose the extension that suits your coding style and project requirements.
    • MySQLi is recommended for its improved features and compatibility with MySQL databases. PDO, on the other hand, provides a consistent API for connecting with various databases, including MySQL.
  • Connect to the MySQL Database:
    • Start by creating a new PHP file or opening an existing one in your development environment.
    • Use the appropriate MySQL extension to establish a connection to the MySQL database. Here’s an example using MySQLi
// MySQLi
$host = 'localhost';
$username = 'your_username';
$password = 'your_password';
$database = 'your_database';

$mysqli = new mysqli($host, $username, $password, $database);

// Check the connection
if ($mysqli->connect_error) {
    die('Connection failed: ' . $mysqli->connect_error);

// Connected successfully
echo 'Connected to the MySQL database!';
  • Replace 'localhost', 'your_username', 'your_password', and 'your_database' with the appropriate values for your MySQL server.
  • Handle Connection Errors:
    • It’s essential to handle connection errors gracefully. If the connection fails, you should display an error message or perform appropriate error handling logic.
    • In the example above, the if ($mysqli->connect_error) condition checks if the connection was successful. If an error occurs, it outputs the error message and terminates the script using die().
  • Close the Connection (Optional):
    • While PHP automatically closes the MySQL connection when the script finishes executing, it’s good practice to explicitly close the connection after you’ve finished working with the database. This helps free up resources.
    • To close the connection, use the close() method on the MySQLi object
  • Closing the connection is particularly useful in long-running scripts or in scenarios where you open multiple connections.

By connecting PHP with MySQL, you can leverage the power of both technologies to perform database operations and manipulate data.

Building Dynamic Web Pages with PHP

PHP allows you to create dynamic web pages by embedding PHP code within HTML. Here are the key steps to build dynamic web pages with PHP:

  • Embedding PHP Code:
    • Start by creating a new PHP file or opening an existing one in your development environment.
    • Use the .php file extension to indicate that the file contains PHP code.
    • You can embed PHP code within HTML by enclosing it between <?php and ?> tags.
    • For example, to display the current date and time dynamically, you can use the date() function as follows
    <title>Dynamic Web Page</title>
    <h1>Welcome to our website!</h1>
    <p>The current date and time is: <?php echo date('Y-m-d H:i:s'); ?></p>
  • Mixing PHP and HTML:
    • You can freely mix PHP code with HTML to create dynamic content within your web page.
    • Use PHP to perform calculations, retrieve data from databases, handle forms, and more.
    • For example, you can fetch data from a MySQL database and display it within an HTML table
    <title>Dynamic Web Page</title>
    <h1>User List</h1>
        // Retrieve user data from the database
        // Assuming $mysqli is the MySQLi object established previously

        $query = "SELECT name, email FROM users";
        $result = $mysqli->query($query);

        while ($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) {
            echo "<tr>";
            echo "<td>" . $row['name'] . "</td>";
            echo "<td>" . $row['email'] . "</td>";
            echo "</tr>";

        // Free the result set
  • Handling Form Submissions:
    • PHP enables you to process form submissions and perform actions based on user input.
    • Retrieve form data using the $_POST or $_GET superglobals, depending on the form submission method (POST or GET).
    • Validate and sanitize user input to prevent security vulnerabilities.
    • Perform the necessary logic and database operations based on the form data.
  • Separating Logic and Presentation:
    • As your web application grows, it’s essential to separate the logic and presentation layers.
    • Use a templating system or a framework like Laravel, Symfony, or CodeIgniter to adhere to the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture.
    • Store the PHP logic in separate files (controllers) and use templates (views) to display the dynamic content.

By combining PHP with HTML, you can create dynamic web pages that interact with databases, display real-time data, and respond to user input. PHP’s versatility and integration with MySQL enable you to build powerful and interactive web applications.

Handling User Input and Form Submissions

Handling user input and form submissions is a crucial aspect of web development. PHP provides various functions and techniques to process user input, validate data, and perform actions based on form submissions. Here’s a guide on how to handle user input and form submissions effectively:

  • Creating HTML Forms:
    • Start by creating an HTML form in your PHP file using the <form> element.
    • Specify the form’s action attribute to point to the PHP file that will handle the form submission.
    • Define input fields using <input>, <textarea>, <select>, or other form elements, along with appropriate attributes like name, type, and value.
  • Retrieving Form Data:
    • After the user submits the form, the form data is sent to the specified PHP file.
    • Use the $_POST or $_GET superglobal arrays to retrieve the form data, depending on the form’s submission method (POST or GET).
    • Access form field values using the name attribute specified in the HTML form.
    • For example, to retrieve the value of an input field named “username” from a form submitted via the POST method, you can use $_POST['username'].
  • Validating and Sanitizing User Input:
    • Perform validation to ensure that the user-provided data meets the required criteria (e.g., required fields, proper format, length constraints).
    • Use PHP’s built-in functions, regular expressions, or validation libraries to validate user input.
    • Sanitize user input to remove any potentially harmful or unwanted characters using functions like filter_var() or htmlspecialchars().
    • Implement server-side validation to ensure data integrity and security, as client-side validation can be bypassed.
  • Processing Form Data:
    • Once you have retrieved and validated the form data, you can perform various actions based on the specific requirements of your application.
    • Execute database operations, such as inserting, updating, or deleting records based on the form data.
    • Redirect the user to different pages or display success or error messages based on the outcome of the form submission.
    • Implement the necessary logic and workflows to fulfill the intended functionality of the form.
  • Handling File Uploads:
    • If your form includes file uploads, ensure that you handle them securely and correctly.
    • Set the form’s enctype attribute to "multipart/form-data" to enable file uploads.
    • Access uploaded files using the $_FILES superglobal array, which contains information about the uploaded files, including their temporary location, name, type, and size.
    • Move the uploaded file to a desired location using functions like move_uploaded_file().

By effectively handling user input and form submissions, you can create interactive web applications that collect data, process user requests, and provide meaningful responses. Remember to validate and sanitize user input to ensure data integrity and protect against security vulnerabilities.

Advanced Topics and Best Practices

Building web applications with PHP and MySQL involves mastering advanced topics and adhering to best practices to ensure scalability, security, and maintainability. Here are some important areas to focus on:

  • User Authentication and Authorization:
    • Implement secure user authentication to verify the identity of users accessing your application.
    • Store user credentials securely using techniques like hashing and salting passwords.
    • Use PHP’s built-in functions or authentication libraries like “password_hash()” and “password_verify()” to handle password hashing and verification.
    • Implement authorization mechanisms to control access to different parts of your application based on user roles and permissions.
  • Data Validation and Sanitization:
    • Ensure the integrity and security of user-submitted data by validating and sanitizing it thoroughly.
    • Validate input using appropriate functions, regular expressions, or validation libraries.
    • Sanitize input to remove any potentially harmful or unwanted characters using functions like “filter_var()” or “htmlspecialchars()”.
    • Use prepared statements or parameterized queries to prevent SQL injection attacks when interacting with the database.
  • Error and Exception Handling:
    • Implement robust error and exception handling mechanisms to gracefully handle errors and exceptions that may occur during application execution.
    • Use PHP’s error reporting settings and logging mechanisms to identify and debug issues effectively.
    • Employ try-catch blocks to catch and handle exceptions, providing meaningful error messages to users when necessary.
    • Avoid displaying detailed error messages in production environments to prevent potential security risks.
  • Security Measures:
    • Apply security measures to protect your application and its data.
    • Implement secure communication using HTTPS/SSL/TLS protocols to encrypt data transmitted between the user’s browser and the server.
    • Prevent cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks by validating and sanitizing user input and properly escaping output.
    • Protect against cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attacks by using tokens and implementing appropriate validation mechanisms.
    • Implement secure session management and use secure cookies to store sensitive data.
  • Code Organization and Modularity:
    • Organize your PHP code into reusable and maintainable modules.
    • Follow best practices such as adhering to coding standards, using meaningful variable and function names, and writing self-documenting code.
    • Embrace object-oriented programming (OOP) principles to improve code organization, reusability, and maintainability.
    • Separate concerns by dividing your code into logical components, such as models, views, and controllers, to adhere to the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern.
  • Performance Optimization:
    • Optimize the performance of your web application to ensure fast and efficient execution.
    • Employ caching techniques, such as opcode caching and data caching, to reduce the load on the server and improve response times.
    • Optimize database queries by using indexes, avoiding unnecessary joins, and utilizing query optimization techniques.
    • Minimize the size of transferred data by compressing and combining files, such as CSS and JavaScript, and using techniques like lazy loading.

By delving into these advanced topics and following best practices, you can build secure, efficient, and maintainable web applications with PHP and MySQL. Continuously stay updated with the latest security practices and emerging technologies to enhance your skills and provide the best possible experience to your users.

Additional Resources

As you continue your journey in web development with PHP and MySQL, it’s valuable to have access to additional resources that can further enhance your skills and knowledge. Here are some recommended resources:

  • Online Documentation:
    • PHP Official Documentation: The official documentation provides comprehensive information about PHP functions, syntax, and features. Visit the PHP website for detailed documentation and user-contributed comments.
    • MySQL Official Documentation: The official MySQL documentation offers in-depth guides, references, and tutorials on database management, query syntax, and optimization. Access it on the MySQL website.
  • Online Learning Platforms:
    • Udemy: Udemy offers a wide range of PHP and MySQL courses, both for beginners and advanced learners. Explore courses such as “PHP for Beginners – Become a PHP Master,” “MySQL for Beginners,” and “PHP & MySQL – Certification Course for Beginners.”
    • Coursera: Coursera hosts courses from top universities and institutions. Enroll in courses like “Web Applications for Everybody” and “PHP with MySQL – Essential Training.”
    • Codecademy: Codecademy provides interactive PHP and MySQL courses that allow hands-on coding experience. Check out their “Learn PHP” and “Learn SQL” courses to solidify your understanding.
  • Community Websites and Forums:
    • Stack Overflow: Stack Overflow is a popular platform for asking and answering programming-related questions. Explore the PHP and MySQL tags to find solutions to common issues or post your own questions.
    • SitePoint: SitePoint offers a wealth of tutorials, articles, and forums dedicated to web development topics, including PHP and MySQL. Visit the PHP and MySQL sections for valuable insights and discussions.
  • Books:
    • “PHP and MySQL Web Development” by Luke Welling and Laura Thomson: This comprehensive book covers PHP and MySQL essentials, database design, security, and more. It provides practical examples and best practices for web development.
    • “Learning PHP, MySQL & JavaScript” by Robin Nixon: This beginner-friendly book introduces PHP, MySQL, and JavaScript and guides you through building dynamic web applications. It includes hands-on exercises and projects.
  • Online Communities:
    • GitHub: Explore PHP and MySQL repositories on GitHub to access open-source projects, libraries, and frameworks. Contribute to existing projects or start your own.
    • Reddit: The r/PHP and r/MySQL communities on Reddit provide platforms for discussions, sharing resources, and seeking advice from fellow developers.
  • Official Websites and Blogs:
    • Stay updated with the latest news, releases, and announcements from the official PHP website.
    • Visit the official MySQL website for news, tutorials, and insights into database management and optimization.

Remember to actively participate in online communities, attend web development meetups or conferences, and engage in projects to expand your practical knowledge and network with other developers.

Continuously learning and staying updated with the latest tools, techniques, and best practices will ensure your growth as a web developer. Enjoy your journey in PHP and MySQL, and may you create exceptional web applications.

Wrapping Up

This comprehensive guide has provided you with a solid foundation in creating dynamic web applications with PHP and MySQL. We covered various aspects of web development, from understanding the basics of PHP and MySQL to setting up the development environment, designing databases, and building dynamic web pages. We delved into advanced topics such as handling user input, implementing security measures, and optimizing performance. By following best practices and continuously learning, you now possess the skills and knowledge to create robust, secure, and efficient web applications.

10 Frequently Asked WordPress Questions and Their Answers: A Beginner’s Guide

Welcome to our guide on the top 10 most frequently asked basic WordPress questions and their answers. Whether you’re new to WordPress or just need a quick refresher, this guide will provide you with the information you need to navigate the platform with ease. From installing and setting up WordPress to troubleshooting common issues and customizing your site, we’ve got you covered. So, without further ado, let’s dive into the top 10 most asked basic WordPress questions and their answers.

#1 What is the difference between and and are both versions of the popular WordPress content management system, but they have some key differences. is a fully hosted platform, which means that users do not need to worry about hosting, backups, security, or software updates. Users can create a free or paid account and start creating their website immediately. also offers a variety of paid plans with additional features and support. However, users have limited control over the design and functionality of their site and are subject to certain usage restrictions., on the other hand, is an open-source software that can be downloaded and installed on a web server. Users are responsible for their own hosting, backups, security, and software updates. also gives users complete control over the design and functionality of their site, and users have access to thousands of free and paid themes and plugins. However, using requires a bit more technical know-how and resources compared to

In short, is a fully-hosted, easy-to-use platform with limited customization options, while is an open-source software with more flexibility and control, but also more technical know-how and resources required.

#2 How do I install WordPress on my server?

Installing WordPress on your server involves a few steps. Here are steps how to do it:

  1. First, you will need to have a web hosting account and a domain name. You will need to have access to the server via FTP or cPanel.
  2. Download the latest version of WordPress from and unzip the files.
  3. Use an FTP client or cPanel file manager to upload the WordPress files to your server. The files should be placed in the root directory of your website or in a subdirectory if you want to run multiple sites from one installation.
  4. Create a MySQL database for your WordPress installation. This can be done through cPanel or your web host’s control panel. Make sure to keep a record of the database name, username, and password.
  5. Visit your website in a web browser and follow the instructions to complete the installation. You will be prompted to enter the details of the database you created earlier.
  6. Once the installation is complete, you will be prompted to create a new admin user and password.
  7. After that, you will be redirected to the login page, and then you can log in to your new WordPress site.
  8. Finally, you can customize your site’s appearance, add content, and install plugins as needed.

It is important to note that some web hosting providers offer one-click installation options for WordPress, which can simplify the process. It is also recommended to check your web host’s documentation for specific instructions on how to install WordPress on their servers.

It is also important to maintain your website by updating WordPress, themes and plugins, and keeping backups regularly to avoid security issues.

#3 How do I customize the appearance of my WordPress site?

Customizing the appearance of your WordPress site can be done through themes and templates.

  1. Log in to the WordPress dashboard of your site.
  2. Go to Appearance > Themes.
  3. You will see a list of installed themes. You can choose to activate one of these themes or add a new one by clicking on the “Add New” button.
  4. If you choose to add a new theme, you can browse through the WordPress theme repository and find a theme that suits your needs. You can also upload a theme you have purchased or downloaded from a third-party website.
  5. Once you have found a theme you like, click on the “Install” button and then activate it.
  6. Once the theme is activated, you can start customizing it. Most themes come with their own customization options, which can be accessed through the WordPress Customizer. You can access the Customizer by going to Appearance > Customize.
  7. The Customizer allows you to make changes to the layout, colors, fonts, and other design elements of your theme. You can see a live preview of your changes as you make them.
  8. Once you are satisfied with your changes, click on the “Save & Publish” button to save your changes.

It is important to note that different themes have different customization options. Some themes may also come with additional customization options through third-party plugins. Also, some themes may have more advanced customization options that can be done by editing the theme’s code, this process would require some knowledge of HTML, CSS and PHP.

It is also a good idea to keep a backup of your site before making any changes, so you can roll back if something goes wrong.

#4 How do I add a new plugin to my WordPress site?

Adding a new plugin to your WordPress site is a simple process. Here is a detailed guide on how to do it:

  1. Log in to the WordPress dashboard of your site.
  2. Go to Plugins > Add New.
  3. You will be taken to the plugin repository, where you can browse through thousands of free and paid plugins. You can search for a specific plugin by typing its name in the search bar or by filtering the results by keyword, author, or tag.
  4. Once you have found a plugin you want to install, click on the “Install Now” button. WordPress will download and install the plugin for you.
  5. After the plugin is installed, you will see a “Activate” link. Click on it to activate the plugin.
  6. Once the plugin is activated, you can access its settings and options from the WordPress dashboard. Some plugins may also add new menu items or sections to the dashboard.
  7. If the plugin requires any additional setup or configuration, you will be prompted to do so after activation.

It’s also important to note that you can also upload a plugin manually to your website if you have downloaded it from a third-party website. You can do this by going to Plugins > Add New > Upload Plugin.

It is important to keep your WordPress site and its plugins updated to ensure the best performance and security. It is also a good idea to do research and read reviews before installing a plugin, to ensure that it’s compatible with your version of WordPress and it’s reliable.

#5 How do I create a new page or post in WordPress?

Creating a new page or post in WordPress is very easy. Here is a detailed guide on how to do it:

  1. Log in to the WordPress dashboard of your site.
  2. To create a new page, go to Pages > Add New. To create a new post, go to Posts > Add New.
  3. You will be taken to the WordPress editor, where you can add the content for your new page or post. The editor allows you to add text, images, videos, and other multimedia elements to your content.
  4. You can format your text using the toolbar at the top of the editor. This toolbar allows you to add headings, lists, bold and italic text, and more.
  5. You can also add images and videos to your content by clicking on the “Add Media” button. This will open the media library, where you can upload new images and videos or select existing ones.
  6. Once you have added your content, you can then add a title, a featured image and also categorize your post or page by adding tags and categories in the right sidebar.
  7. Once you are finished with your page or post, you can either save it as a draft by clicking on the “Save Draft” button, or you can publish it by clicking on the “Publish” button.
  8. Once the page or post is published, it will be live on your website, and it can be viewed by your visitors.

It’s also important to note that you can also schedule a post to be published at a later date by using the “Publish” option, it also allows you to change the status of a post or page (e.g. draft, scheduled, private)

You can also customize the appearance of your pages and posts by using different templates and custom fields, this process would require some knowledge of HTML, CSS and PHP.

In summary, creating a new page or post in WordPress is a straightforward process that can be done through the WordPress editor. It allows you to add text, images, videos, and other multimedia elements to your content and also to customize it by adding tags, categories, and other options.

#6 How do I add a new user to my WordPress site?

Follow these easy steps to add new user to your WordPress website.

  1. Log in to the WordPress dashboard of your site.
  2. Go to Users > Add New
  3. You will be taken to the “Add New User” page, where you can enter the new user’s information, such as their username, email address, and password.
  4. You can also assign a role to the new user. WordPress has several built-in roles, including Administrator, Editor, Author, Contributor, and Subscriber. Each role has different capabilities and permissions. For example, an Administrator can access all the features and settings of the site, while a Subscriber can only read and comment on posts.
  5. Once you have entered the new user’s information, click on the “Add New User” button to create the new user account.
  6. The new user will receive an email with their account details and a link to log in to the site.
  7. Once the user is logged in, they can start creating and managing their own content, depending on the role they were assigned.

It’s also important to note that you can also invite users to join your site by sending them an invitation link, this can be done by going to Users > Invite New.

It is also important to keep an eye on the number of users you have on your website and manage their roles and permissions accordingly. It is also a good idea to regularly review the users and remove any inactive or unnecessary ones.

In summary, adding a new user to your WordPress site is a straightforward process that can be done through the “Add New User” page on the WordPress dashboard. It allows you to create new user accounts and assign roles and permissions to them. This feature is useful if you have a team working on your site, or you want to give access to other people to manage and contribute to your website.

#7 How do I optimize my WordPress site for better performance?

Optimizing your WordPress site for better performance can be done through a variety of techniques.

  1. Use a caching plugin: Caching can significantly improve the loading time of your site by storing a copy of your pages and posts in the browser’s cache. This way, when a user visits your site again, the page loads faster because it doesn’t have to be generated again. Some popular caching plugins include W3 Total Cache and WP Super Cache.
  2. Optimize your images: Large images can slow down your site, so it’s important to optimize them before uploading them to your site. You can use image optimization tools such as Optimole,, or ShortPixel to reduce the file size of your images without losing quality.
  3. Minimize the number of plugins: While plugins can add useful functionality to your site, too many plugins can slow it down. It’s important to only use the plugins that are necessary for your site and to keep them updated.
  4. Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN): A CDN stores a copy of your site’s static files (such as images, CSS and JavaScript) on servers located around the world. When a user visits your site, the files are served from the server closest to them, which can improve the loading time. Some popular CDN providers include Cloudflare, MaxCDN, and Amazon CloudFront.
  5. Optimize your database: Over time, your database can become cluttered with unnecessary data, which can slow down your site. You can use a plugin such as WP-Optimize to clean up your database and improve its performance.
  6. Keep your WordPress, themes and plugins updated: This will ensure you have the latest security patches and performance enhancements.
  7. Use a good quality web hosting: This will ensure that your website is hosted on a powerful server, with sufficient resources and optimized for performance.
  8. Minimize the use of heavy scripts and large elements on the front end, this will improve the load time of your site and make it more responsive.
  9. Use a performance and monitoring plugin such as GTmetrix, Google PageSpeed Insights, or Pingdom, to test and analyze the performance of your site, and get suggestions for improvements.

Optimizing your WordPress site for better performance is a multi-step process that involves caching, image optimization, minimizing the number of plugins, using a CDN, optimizing your database, and keeping your WordPress, themes and plugins updated. Additionally, it’s also important to use a good quality web hosting and to minimize the use of heavy scripts and large elements on the front end. It’s also a good idea to regularly test and monitor your site’s performance, to identify and address any issues.

#8 How do I troubleshoot common WordPress errors?

Troubleshooting common WordPress errors can be a challenge, but there are several techniques you can use to resolve them. Here is a detailed guide on how to troubleshoot common WordPress errors:

  1. Check for updates: Many errors can be resolved by simply updating WordPress, themes, and plugins to the latest version. Keep your WordPress site and its components updated, this will ensure the best performance and security.
  2. Check for conflicting plugins: Sometimes, two or more plugins can conflict with each other, causing errors on your site. Try deactivating all of your plugins, and then reactivating them one by one to see if the error goes away.
  3. Check your .htaccess file: The .htaccess file is a configuration file that controls how your server handles certain requests. If this file is corrupted or modified, it can cause errors on your site. You can try renaming or replacing the .htaccess file with a new one.
  4. Check for a corrupted theme: A corrupted theme can cause errors on your site. Try switching to the default WordPress theme to see if the error goes away.
  5. Check for a corrupted database: A corrupted database can cause errors on your site. You can try using a plugin such as WP-DB Manager to repair and optimize your database.
  6. Check your web hosting: Some errors may be caused by issues with your web hosting. Contact your web host’s support team and provide them with as much information as possible about the error.
  7. Check the error log: Many web hosting providers provide access to an error log, which can contain information about errors that are occurring on your site. Check the error log to see if there is any useful information about the error you are experiencing.
  8. Check the WordPress support forums: The WordPress community is very active and helpful. There are a lot of experts and users who have faced similar issues and can help you troubleshoot your problem.
  9. Check the documentation: Many errors have common solutions that are documented on the WordPress website or the plugin’s website, check the documentation for any troubleshooting tips or solutions.

Troubleshooting common WordPress errors requires a systematic approach. Keep your WordPress site and its components updated, check for conflicting plugins, check your .htaccess file, check for a corrupted theme, check for a corrupted database, check your web hosting, check the error log, check the WordPress support forums, and check the documentation. It is also important to keep a backup of your site, in case something goes wrong, so you can roll back to a previous version.

#9 How can I backup my WordPress site?

There are several ways to backup a WordPress site, including:

  1. Using a plugin: There are many plugins available that can help you easily backup your site. Some popular options include UpdraftPlus, BackupBuddy, and VaultPress. These plugins allow you to schedule regular backups and store them on remote locations such as cloud storage services like Dropbox, Google Drive, and Amazon S3.
  2. Manually backing up via FTP: You can use a program like FileZilla to connect to your website’s server and download all of the files and folders that make up your site. This will give you a complete backup of your site’s files, but you’ll need to manually backup your database separately.
  3. Manually backing up via cPanel: If your website is hosted on a server that uses cPanel, you can use the built-in backup feature to download a complete backup of your website, including both files and the database.
  4. Backing up with command line tools: You can also use command line tools like mysqldump to backup your database and tar or rsync to backup your files. This method requires a certain level of technical knowledge, but it can be useful if you’re comfortable working with the command line.
  5. Utilize your webhosting service backup feature: Many webhosting service providers offer a way to backup your website automatically or on demand, this is a good option if your site is relatively small.

It is recommended to backup your website regularly and store the backups on a remote location in case of any data loss or server failure.

#10 How do I migrate my WordPress site to a new domain or server?

Migrating a WordPress site to a new domain or server can be a bit more complex than just backing up and restoring your site, but it’s still a relatively straightforward process. Here are the general steps you’ll need to take to migrate your site:

  1. Backup your site: Before making any changes, it’s important to create a backup of your entire website. You can use a plugin like UpdraftPlus or BackupBuddy to do this, or you can manually backup your site’s files and database.
  2. Update URLs in the database: If you’re migrating your site to a new domain, you’ll need to update all the URLs in the database that point to the old domain. You can use a plugin like Better Search Replace to do this, or you can manually update the URLs using a tool like phpMyAdmin.
  3. Move your files: You will need to move all the files and folders that make up your site to the new server or domain. Depending on the size of your site, this could take some time. You can use an FTP client like FileZilla to do this, or you can use command line tools like tar and rsync.
  4. Update DNS settings: If you’re migrating your site to a new domain, you’ll need to update the DNS settings for your domain. You will need to point the domain’s nameservers to the new server or update the A record to point to the new IP address.
  5. Update your wp-config.php file: You will need to update the wp-config.php file with the new database information, such as the database name, username, password, and host.
  6. Import your database: You will need to import your database to the new server. You can use a tool like phpMyAdmin to do this, or you can use the command line tool mysql.
  7. Update permalinks: After migration, you might need to update your permalinks settings in the WordPress dashboard. Go to Settings > Permalinks and click on “Save Changes” button to update the permalinks.
  8. Test your site: Once you’ve completed all of the above steps, it’s important to test your site to make sure everything is working properly. Check all the links, images and functionality of the site to make sure everything is working as expected.

It is recommended to test the site on a development environment first before migrating it to the production environment. It’s also a good practice to update all the plugin and themes to the latest version before and after migration.

It’s important to note that the actual process of migrating a site can vary depending on your specific server setup, hosting environment, and the size of your site, so it’s always a good idea to consult with your hosting provider or a WordPress expert if you’re unsure about any of the steps involved.

Wrapping Up

We hope this guide on the top 10 most frequently asked basic WordPress questions and their answers has been helpful to you. Remember, WordPress is a powerful and versatile platform that can be used for a wide range of websites, from personal blogs to e-commerce sites and everything in between. With the information provided in this guide, you should now have a better understanding of how to install, set up, troubleshoot, and customize your WordPress site. If you have any additional questions or concerns, don’t hesitate to consult the WordPress documentation or reach out to the WordPress community for further assistance.

Looking For A React Developer To Hire?

Front-end driven development of software solutions is one of the directions modern companies must point their business strategies in. React.js developers are therefore in high demand. Want to learn how to hire reactjs developers for your own enterprise? Looking for a react developer to hire? This article is for you.

React as a part of development services

The first thing to know before you start searching for React developers to hire is to understand their place in the whole application development. Building an e-commerce platform, for example, is a massive process that consists of many layers to handle.

All of them require a certain dose of experience, skills and a lot of time different specialists must spend on the project. React programming language is just one of tech solutions that are implemented in the process. In other words, to work with React developers means to get along with the whole team of other engineers.

It all must fit into one well-organized endeavor, where every piece of the puzzle has its rightful position. If it doesn’t… well, things might fall apart pretty quickly. You should remember that if you want to receive the best quality of services according to the time schedule you demand.

The most basic things to expect from a React.js developer

It is rather obvious that a React developer to hire should possess both theoretical and practical knowledge about the React.js itself and other frameworks available for professional coders. But there are other types of skills that ought to be looked into during the recruitment procedure.

Below we have put together a few guidelines and tips. These are just suggestions, mind you. Something that you might take into consideration.

Ability to work with others

An understanding of the whole development process is vital. That also refers to a React developer whose job will circulate around front-end programming of a user-friendly interface. This is what React is used for.

A developer who has not worked with other kinds of digital engineers might not keep up with the timetable and get lost in the whole app development process after that. It means you should look for a person with a documented experience as a team member.

Someone, who can listen to more experienced developers and move under the directions that might contradict what he/she thinks is better. A person that can master personal anger if a conflict rises. A compliant coder, who will play nice with others, so to speak.

All of that, naturally, must be verifiable by a serious team leader or a project manager who had dealings with a particular developer. It tells a lot about a man if such people can vouch for him, does it not?

Good tech skills and honesty

Besides being capable of teamwork in a digital environment, React Developers to hire should present at least one good quality example of their product that actually works. It must be available for you to download at any time in order to investigate it.

You, as a potential user, should get the notion of a well-designed interface that is serviceable, not too complicated, but not too simple at the same time.

It must be properly balanced in order to render the right level of satisfaction you want your own product to have. If a job candidate lacks the skills to create such an interface, try with someone else.

But if he/she actually can provide a satisfactory design alongside well-oiled functionality, a good old face-to-face conversation is always recommended. Especially if the example product seems a little too good for a junior developer.

Expecting a junior developer to know all the tricks at once is not professional, right? Use this opportunity, then. During the interview, ask a straightforward question if the candidate had any help with the test product whatsoever.

He or she should admit, if this is indeed a fact, and embrace it. Conduct a relaxed conversation about this cooperation. Let the candidate say about the role he/she played in the process etc.

That is actually a very good sign that this particular person will do fine in a teamwork environment, which is important. Additionally, you will be able to see if the candidate is honest or not.

Perseverance against pressure

It is a good thing to conduct a pressure test. Just imagine a hypothetical crisis. Something stressful, like a sudden realization that the schedule is all wrong because someone made a fatal mistake. How will the candidate react? Will he/she be able to commit and work all weekend? What can that person do to improve the situation?

In business, many things can happen. Every company faces tough moments occasionally. Check, how the candidate behaves in such circumstances. So, as you can hopefully see, React Developers to hire can be investigated from different angles. It is your decision to pick up the right approach, yet in these days there are so many people willing to make a name for themselves in the digital tech industry, that a simple interview doesn’t seem to be enough anymore.

Hiring procedures should therefore be elastic and rather demanding. But, as we mentioned earlier, expecting too much from a junior developer candidate is… too much. The right balance is needed. Manage your expectations reasonably, and all should be fine.

Fix: WordPress Memory Exhausted Error – Increase PHP Memory

Are you experiencing an allowed memory size exhausted error in WordPress?

The PHP memory limit in WordPress can easily be increased to fix this problem, which is one of the most common WordPress errors.

We will explain how to fix WordPress memory exhausted error by increasing PHP memory in this article.

How do I fix WordPress Memory Exhausted Error?

The WordPress software is written in PHP, which is a server-side programming language. In order for WordPress to work properly, it needs a WordPress hosting server.

A web server is no different from any other computer. It needs memory to run multiple applications at once efficiently.

Different applications, including PHP, are given specific memory sizes by server administrators.

The error occurs when your WordPress code consumes more memory than the default allocation.

Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 33554432 bytes exhausted (tried to allocate 2348617 bytes) in /home4/xxx/public_html/wp-includes/plugin.php on line xxx

WordPress attempts to increase the PHP memory limit if it is less than 64MB by default. Unfortunately, 64MB is not always enough.

So, let’s examine how you can easily increase WordPress PHP memory limits to avoid memory exhaustion errors.

WordPress: Increase PHP memory limit

Your WordPress site’s wp-config.php file needs to be edited first. You can access it via an FTP client or the file manager in your web hosting control panel as it’s located in your WordPress site’s root folder.

The code must be pasted in the wp-config.php file just before the line that says ‘That’s it. Stop editing!’ Have fun.

  1. define( 'WP_MEMORY_LIMIT', '256M' );

PHP memory limit is set to 256MB in the code above.

Your wp-config.php file needs to be uploaded back to the server after you have finished making changes.

Your WordPress site should now work without the memory exhaustion error.

Note: If you cannot increase PHP memory using this solution, your web hosting provider does not allow WordPress to increase PHP memory.

The PHP memory limit must be manually increased by your hosting provider.

In this article, we hope you learned how to increase the PHP memory limit to fix the WordPress memory exhausted error.

If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to our YouTube channel for more WordPress video tutorials. please follows us on Twitter and Facebook.

New CSS Features To Look Forward To In 2022

Here are some Cascading Style Sheets updates you won’t want to miss, ranging from little-known scroll-snap properties to stunning new color palettes.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) debuted in 1996 and is still an important, evolving component of the web development stack. CSS, like other living languages, is always adding new features in response to real-world practices. Because of the rapid evolution, even dedicated developers may miss new features. Check out some of the most useful features coming to CSS in the near future.


CSS has been criticized for a number of egregious flaws since its inception. Some simple tasks, such as centering something in CSS, necessitate overly complex workarounds and finagling.
Another significant issue was achieving a reasonable grid layout, at least until the CSS Grid Layout module stepped in.

A grid layout is indicated by the display: grid declaration and is similar to Flexbox in that it allows you to define rectangular layouts while also controlling your grid in two dimensions.
According to research, most CSS developers are aware of Grid Layout, and many of us use it. (Don’t forget to try it out if you haven’t!)

Subgrid is a brand-new and extremely useful feature for the Grid Layout module. The subgrid feature allows you to create a child grid that will inherit the layout of its parent grid.

In contrast to nesting a grid display within another, the child grid defines its own dimensions and gaps. The parent’s layout is applied to the subgrid when using the subgrid, but the subgrid can still override aspects of the layout if necessary.

Subgrid is currently only available in Firefox 71 and higher, but it is planned for Safari WebKit, Google Chrome, and Microsoft Edge. A Subgrid will be a very useful layout feature in the future.


Despite their popularity, some display elements are notoriously difficult to style. Checkboxes and radio buttons, for example, are frequently replaced with a custom widget that mimics their behavior while hiding the browser’s implementation. You can target these elements with the new CSS accent-color option.

For example, as shown in Listing 1, you could apply a magenta color to all of the radio buttons on your page (also see this live example).

Listing 1: CSS Color Control for Radio Buttons

input[type="radio"] {
    accent-color: magenta;

<form action="/">
  <p>Select your favorite outdoor adventure type</p>
  <input type="radio" id="mountain" name="type" value="mountain">
  <label for="mountain">Mountain</label><br>
  <input type="radio" id="ocean" name="type" value="ocean">
  <label for="ocean">Ocean</label><br>
  <input type="radio" id="desert" name="type" value="desert">
  <label for="desert">Desert</label>

Scroll snap

CSS offers a handy set of properties for controlling the scroll snap-action in a web browser. Many of these features are already available in recent browser versions, while others are still being rolled out.

It’s worth noting that more than a third of CSS users are still unaware of scroll snap.

The scroll-snap-* properties command provides several options for fine-tuning how the scroll position works on a container. Developers benefit from increased precision, while end-users benefit from a smoother, more controlled user experience.

Listing 2 shows a simple example of how to control the scroll snap on a div (also see this live example).

Listing 2 is an example of a simple scroll snap.

  .scroll-area {
    max-width: 850px;
    height: 300px;
    font-size: 60px;

  .scroll-container {
    overflow: auto;
    scroll-snap-type: y mandatory;
    height: 500px;

  .scroll-area {
    scroll-snap-align: start;

  .scroll-area {
    margin: 0 auto;

  .scroll-area {
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
    color: white;

  .scroll-area:nth-of-type(1) {  background: IndianRed; }
  .scroll-area:nth-of-type(2) {  background: Moccasin; }
  .scroll-area:nth-of-type(3) {  background: thistle; }
  .scroll-area:nth-of-type(4) {  background: seagreen; }

<div class="scroll-container">
	<div class="scroll-area">1</div>
	<div class="scroll-area">2</div>
	<div class="scroll-area">3</div>
	<div class="scroll-area">4</div>

The y scroll position in Listing 3 automatically moves to the child element no matter where you release the scroll movement. This is due to the scroll container’s scroll-snap-type property being set to y and the child elements having the scroll-snap-align: start declaration.

This behavior can also be changed. You could, for example, set the scroll-snap-type property to y proximity. That works as expected, snapping only when the scroll is close to the element.

In addition, the related overscroll-behavior property controls how nested-scroll containers behave.

Logical CSS Properties

You’ve probably experienced the annoyance of having to write out the border-left and border-right or border-top, border-bottom properties verbatim if you’ve ever wanted to set a container border on the left and right, or bottom and top. The problem is that there is no way to use the shortcut property without affecting the borders you don’t want to change. This is also true for elements like padding and margins.

The CSS Logical Properties module allows you to refer to things in an abstract way by using the inline and block keywords. When referring to left and right, use inline; when referring to top and bottom, use block. For example, to add a border to the left and right sides of a div, use the code in Listing 3. (also see a live example here).

Listing 3: Left and right padding with inline logic

div {
  border-inline: 10px dashed seagreen;

These are useful shortcuts for borders, but the inline and block logical keywords can also be found in a variety of other properties.

The majority of developers use these shortcuts to deal with text-direction and writing-mode issues. In these cases, a property like padding-inline-end allows you to target the trailing padding regardless of text direction.

Essentially, the abstraction to inline and block allows for the creation of generalized styles that can be applied to a variety of situations. More information can be found at, CSS Logical Properties and Values.

Container searches

Container queries are not yet fully stable in CSS, but they will be soon. They will have a significant impact on the way we think about responsive design. The basic idea is that you will be able to set a breakpoint based on the size of a parent container rather than just the viewport and media.

There is no clear definition of the syntax, but it will probably resemble Listing 4.

@container Listing 4.

@container (max-width: 650px){ … }

Consider how powerful it will be to fine-tune a layout based on the size of various containers that appear throughout the nested layers of a UI. This is a fairly significant change that will almost certainly spark a wave of interface innovations.

Three new color schemes

CSS practitioners have used RGB, HEX, and named colors to beautify and enliven device displays since time immemorial. The HSL-style color declaration was introduced recently. The CSS specification is now introducing new color descriptors, namely hwb, lab, and lch.

HWB is an abbreviation for hue, whiteness, and blackness. It’s a nice touch that stands out for its human readability—you choose a color and then add white and black. It’s compatible with the most recent versions of Chrome, Firefox, and Safari. (The Microsoft Edge feature reference is oddly deafeningly silent on this subject.) To learn more about HWB, see hwb() – a color notation for humans? It, like RGB and HWL, has an alpha channel for transparency.

LCH, which stands for lightness, chroma, and hue, is notable for expanding the available color palette. What, why, and how are LCH colors used in CSS? This is a good overview that includes an eye-opening discussion of color theory in CSS. Only Safari currently supports LCH.

The most theoretical of the new color spaces is LAB, which is derived from the CIE LAB color theory. The lab color descriptor claims to cover the entire spectrum of human-perceptible colors, which is a bold claim. It, like LCH, is currently supported only by Safari. More information about LAB for CSS can be found in the Mozilla CSS documentation.

Cool CSS Toggle Menus Examples In 2022

Toggle Menu is a short, straightforward module that displays an option that the user can enable or disable. When the user clicks the toggle, the expanded menu options become visible. You’ve come to the right place if you want to construct a trendy toggle menu that will make your website stand out. There are a plethora of free CSS toggle menu examples available on the internet. However, in this article, we’ll go through the top ten CSS toggle menus that will assist you in creating a fully responsive navigation toggle menu for your website or app.

Hidden Menu

Hidden Menu is one of the best CSS-designed effects that can help you improve your website’s performance. It is a one-of-a-kind and imaginative design.

CSS3 and HTML5 are used in this code. Many visitors to your website will be drawn to the Hidden Menu. With only one click, you can get this CSS code and improve the usability of your website.

Download / More info

Gooey Menu

With a blue background, the Gooey Menu is a clean, elegant, and modern CSS effect. SVG is a filtering system based on HTML, CSS, and SVG tags.

It’s a terrific method to present all of the menu items at a glance. Using a single click, you can download this code to your computer and make your website seem better.

Download / More info

Pure CSS Toggle Menu

Akshay Nair’s Pure CSS Toggle Menu is an eye-catching and stunning CSS effect. There’s a black background behind the text. HTML and CSS are used to make it.

Any form of the website can benefit from this code. Your best choice is the Pure CSS Toggle Menu for your website’s menu bar.

Download / More info

Simple Nav

Simple Nav is a clean, professional, and fully responsive CSS effect intended specifically for newspaper-related websites.

It’s coded with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. You can easily download this code for free and improve the appearance of your website.

Download / More info

Vertical Layout With Navigation

Vertical Layout With Navigation is a snippet that is available for free and open source. It is a fantastic CSS-created effect that will assist you in changing the appearance of your website. It features brighter colors for your website.

Vertical Layout With Navigation is the ideal layout for your website. After downloading this CSS code, you can easily set it up with a few clicks.

Download / More info

Toggle Menu

Toggle Menu is a simple, clean, and fully responsive code snippet that features fantastic animation effects. It also includes a lovely background image to help you attract visitors to your website.

You may download this effect with a single click and tweak it to your specifications.

Download / More info

Simple Toggle Menu

Because of its simplicity and modernism, Simple Toggle Menu is one of the greatest CSS toggle menu code examples. CSS3 and HTML5 technology are used to create this CSS effect.

Simple Toggle Menu is a free CSS-designed effect that is entirely responsive and can be quickly added to your website. It contains distinctive and appealing features that make your website stand out.

Download / More info

Pure CSS Sidebar Toggle Menu

Pure CSS Sidebar Toggle Menu is a CSS-created effect that is lightweight, completely responsive, and feature-rich. This code was created using HTML and CSS.

It gives your website a professional and sophisticated appearance. This CSS Menu Effect is the best option for you, so don’t hesitate to get it right away.

Download / More info

Toggle Social Menu

Toggle Social Menu is a creative and appealing CSS-designed effect that will help you increase the traffic to your website. This code is entirely built with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Toggle Social Menu is compatible with all browsers, including Chrome, Opera, Safari, and many others. Furthermore, this code is simple to install and configure with only a few clicks.

Download / More info

Animated Toggle Menu

Animated Toggle Menu is a CSS-designed effect that is modern, fully responsive, and cross-platform. It is built with HTML, CSS, and JS technology.

This CSS effect is simple to apply to any sort of website. The Animated Toggle Menu is the best option for you.

Why Unity Is Good For AR VR Game Development

Unity is a simple, open-source game engine providing tools and support for game developers to build innovative, interactive games across a variety of platforms. The game engine is equipped with tools and features that are specifically designed for Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality, which turn unrealistic imaginations into reality.

Unity For AR VR Game Development 

Unity provides VR support with a single API interface that can interact with VR devices, a project folder that does not require external plugins, the ability to switch between devices, and so much more. 

Virtual reality support in Unity

Virtual reality platform Unity has purchased HDRP (High Definition Render Pipeline). Both HDPR and Unity XR plugins are compatible with each other, and HDPR supports Unity XR’s new plugin framework, which provides multi-platform dev tools, extended plugin support, as well as access to higher-capacity platforms.

Augmented reality support in Unity

Users can create AR applications for handheld and wearable devices using Unity’s AR Foundation. Aside from device tracking, raycast, gesture recognition, face detection, meshing, point cloud detection, and more, the AR foundation supports a wide range of features across a variety of platforms. The foundation is available from the Package Manager, and you need to download one of the platform-specific ARs. In addition to ARKit XR Plug-in, ARCore XR Plug-in, Magic Leap XR Plug-in, and Windows XR Plug-in, ARCore XR Plug-in is also available.

XR Development in Unity

Unity includes XR development capabilities to optimize AR and VR experiences. XR has the capability of simulating an alternate environment around the user in Virtual Reality; and in AR, the XR application displays digital content over the real-world display. As a full-featured game engine, Unity offers full support to creators by optimizing the XR tech stack for each platform, integrating deeply into each platform, and improving the engine. XR is supported on various platforms except for WebGL. XR SDK plugin allows users to integrate directly with Unity so they can take advantage of all the features Unity offers.    

Multi-platform developer tools, better partner updates, and more platforms for enhancing VR and AR experiences are a few of the benefits offered by the XR plugin framework.

Development of AR VR games in Unity using XR applications.

Virtual Reality development

  • Stereo pass stereo rendering (Doublewide rendering) – Virtual reality applications for PlayStation 4 and PC are compatible with this feature. VR and AR devices with advanced stereo rendering perform better. For the viewer, XR rendering creates the stereoscopic 3D effect by creating two views, one for each eye. Multi-pass rendering, single-pass rendering, and single-pass instancing are all stereo rendering methods in Unity. There are varying results in each of the three cases because the performance of the three modes varies.
  • Custom shader in Unity – Game visuals and the overall look and feel are very influential, and textures, materials, and shaders are what make the game look and feel so good. Shaders will be covered here. Shaders are scripts that are used to create interesting visuals for video games. The calculation of every pixel in a game is performed by these scripts. They are based on the inputs of materials and lighting. Shaders are developed with visual programming.  
  • Vertex color mode By using the paint settings toolbar in Unity, the user can choose from a number of color modes to change the vertex colors of a mesh. The vertex color mode is only available if the shader supports it, which is not the case for most Unity shaders. There are some default poly brush materials that can paint colors on a mesh using vertex colors in the Unity editor. Vertex color mode lets you choose from color palettes and brush types for brushing, filling, and flooding colors on a mesh. It also lets you customize prototyping stages, zones, team layouts, and more. 
  • Edit Mode Toolbar – In ProBuilder, this is a color-coded toolbar that allows you to switch between the four different editing modes: Object mode, Vertex mode, Edge mode, and Face mode. Unity’s Edit Mode Toolbar features an Object mode that lets you pick and manipulate GameObjects. You can select and change the vertex coordinates on a ProBuilder by using Vertex mode. With the Edge mode, you can select and manipulate edges (lines) on a ProBuilder mesh. The Face mode, on the other hand, lets you pick and move faces (polygons). A vertex, edge, and face mode can be grouped together as an element mode. Additionally, on the toolbar, you will find hotkeys (keyboard shortcuts) for launching various tools in edit mode.  
  • RenderScale or EyeTextureResolutionScale With different levels of eye texture resolution, users can increase or decrease the resolution by changing the eye texture size. Different values of RenderScale create different eye textures with different resolutions.
ValueEye TextureResult 
< 1.0Lower resolutionReduced sharpness due to improved performance
> 1.0Higher resolutionImages are sharper and memory usage increases, but performance drops.

In order to dynamically change the eye render resolution on the fly, consider using XRSettings.renderViewportScale.

It is different from RenderScale in that RenderViewportScale allows you to dynamically change the eye render resolution. The eye texture amount is adjustable between 0.0 and 0.1 for rendering. Using this will allow you to reduce the resolution at runtime if, for example, you want to maintain an acceptable frame rate.

  • Scriptable Render pipelines (SRP) – The technology used for VR allows you to schedule and render commands through C# scripts. Through this API layer, you can design customized rendering pipelines.

Augmented Reality development

  • AR Occlusions – Augmented reality uses computer-generated materials and objects to add depth and information to a 3D scene. The term occlusion describes the effect of hiding one real-world object or wall from the view of another in the virtual world in order to create a more realistic experience. With Unity’s AR Foundation, you can apply shaders to plane objects to achieve occlusion.
  • AR Lighting and Shadows – A virtual scene can be illuminated and given a realistic look and feel by using virtual lights and the shadows cast by virtual objects. Virtual objects project shadows onto the floor when light falls on them, similar to how direct light casts shadows in the physical world. As a result of Unity’s AR Foundation, users can experiment with varying ranges and intensities to create a truly immersive experience.
  • Platforms Specific Rendering – There is a difference in how Unity for AR and VR behaves on various platforms. As a result, AR foundation offers Unity users an interface that enables them to work with augmented reality platforms across multiple platforms.

Gaming is an industry with many facets, and Unity offers an opportunity to experiment with various tools, technologies, and functionalities. With 3D content, real-time interaction, and sound effects, these factors greatly contribute to creating smoother and more engaging games for players. However, there are many game development companies in India that use Unity for VR and AR game development. Therefore, you can hire Unity game developers that are creative and have excellent programming skills to develop immersive and interactive games.

5 Most Scalable Backend Development Frameworks/Languages

In today’s digital world, a company’s website, as well as its mobile apps, undergo a massive transformation. With the introduction of frameworks and APIs, web development standards have increased throughout time. Companies used to rely only on static websites or PHP-based web applications to build their digital presence, but that’s not the case anymore!

As a result of technology, backend-specific languages and frameworks have been developed. Server-side libraries provide the structure of a website’s back-end so that it’s safe, fast, and customer-friendly.

Frameworks for developing dynamic web applications provide ready-to-use components. When developers use frameworks, they can avoid building and configuring all the required components from scratch.

As companies expand at a rapid pace, backend development will become even more crucial in 2021.

So, here are the top 5 backend languages/frameworks to rule the roots in 2021 and beyond.

Here we go!

1. Node.js

Node.js is the industry leader despite the existence of other JavaScript frameworks. As a JavaScript-based solution, it is familiar to most backend engineers, making it highly efficient for constructing high-end applications. While switching to the backend, developers can take advantage of every advantage of JavaScript development. With a vibrant developer community, Node.js is one of the best backend programming languages. Additionally, a vibrant developer community contributes to the language’s evolution.

2. Python

The Python programming language has grown at an amazing 18–19% annual rate over the last five years. This is one of the most popular backend programming languages due to its compatibility with cutting-edge technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Almost every industry vertical has used Python as the primary backend language for the past few years, having only recently begun to understand programming. Due to its simple syntax, it is easy to read, learn, and use. Thus, it is widely used by top web development firms for software development, machine learning, artificial intelligence, web development, and other cutting-edge technologies. The language includes features such as rich library support, faster integration with other languages, garbage collection, GUI support, and others.

3. Kotlin

Kotlin is a backend language for the Java Virtual Machine, also known as JVM. Kotlin, which has official support from Google, has been a popular choice for Android development since 2017.
Kotlin also improves readability along with producing fewer codes. Developers will have more time to work on other crucial tasks with less coding. An interesting feature of Kotlin is that it was developed in industry, not academia. Thus, it’s a better tool for resolving programmers’ issues and problems than Java. It can, for instance, prevent developers from encountering null pointer exceptions.

4. Ruby on Rails (RoR)

The Ruby on Rails framework often referred to as RoR, is a popular server-side web application framework written in the Ruby programming language. The RoR framework provides developers with everything they need to write great apps, and a large and friendly community backs it up.
Over the years, the framework has created hundreds of thousands of useful apps such as GitHub, Airbnb, and Hulu. This is because Rails relies on the MVC architectural model, the Configuration Convention (CoC) and No Repetitions (DRY) principles, easy code modification, and the proactive Rails community.
Developers can easily add new features based on needs because it’s predictable. In addition, the framework is applicable to both long-term and short-term initiatives and can be applied in multiple economic sectors.

5. Java

Java‘s appeal seems to diminish with every passing day. The language continues to maintain a high level of popularity in the world of technology year after year as the numbers show.
The number of Java developers living around the world is approximately 8 million; perhaps this can give you some idea of the language’s popularity and demand. This framework is commonly used to develop Android apps, online apps, desktop apps, and scientific apps. The quality of applications is also improved by Java developers hired by top-tier companies like Adobe, Amazon, Flipkart, and others.

Wrapping Up

As with any programming language, there are benefits and drawbacks. Choosing the perfect language for you depends entirely on your requirements and budget.

Any of the above-mentioned language and framework options are suitable for business-level programs.

To get a great application, get in touch with one of India’s top software development companies today.

How To Become A Good PHP Developer

PHP is currently the most widely used and adaptable web development language in the world. At least 20 million domains utilize PHP, and PHP is the foundation for practically all large websites, including Facebook and Wikipedia, as well as popular open-source content management systems including WordPress and Drupal.

These figures should give you a good idea of the PHP programming language’s popularity and reach. You can have a good future as a PHP developer. To become a PHP developer, though, you must first master PHP web development skills.

Keeping this in mind, we’ve put up a list of critical PHP developer abilities that will help you stand out from the crowd as a good PHP developer.

1. PHP’s Basic Functions and Classes

The fact that basic PHP functions and classes can be used again when the same task needs to be done again is what makes PHP an effective language. If you intend to create new functions, see the PHP handbook before getting started.

For example, the Trim () function can be used when a developer needs to remove rid of white spaces at the start and the end of a string. A PHP XML parser can be used to create an XML parser for RSS feeds.

2. Creating a Configuration File

Rather than broadcasting the connection to the server everywhere, PHP developers can utilize a single master file that contains all of the relevant settings and is associated with PHP scripts. It allows you to make a few changes in a single file rather than having to visit many files.

Furthermore, when new constants or functions must be used across numerous files, this suggestion is useful. A configuration file can help you make your code more popular and maintainable.

When the modification is required, it might save you time and effort.

3. Don’t over-comment your code.

It is certainly a very good practice to properly document your code via comments in your scripts, but is it really necessary to remark on every single line?

Complex sections of your source code can be commented out so that you can quickly remember what’s going on when you revisit it later, but easy tasks like your MySQL connection code don’t need to be commented out. The majority of good code is self-explanatory, and every good PHP developer must write it.

4. Source Editor Role

Because the editor is where the developer spends the most time, making the appropriate option is essential for saving time. Syntax highlighting is required, and code navigation, hinting, and built-in debugging tools are also essential.

5. Skill in Error Reporting

Error reporting and display errors can be enabled during web application development. Run-time errors can be seen and the source of faults can be discovered using this method.

The benefit of enabling error reporting is that errors are identified and fixed immediately.

6. The Database Sanitization

SQL injection is a problem that all PHP developers should be aware of, and the only way to avoid it is to clean up the database input. SQL injection threats are something that every developer should be aware of.

PHP programmers can utilize the MySQL real escape string method to solve the biggest issue. The main purpose is to sanitize all the data.

The main benefit of this function is that it protects the database and app from cross-site scripting attacks that can occur when displaying user-submitted HTML.

7. In-Built Functions

PHP is a powerful, general-purpose scripting language with a large development community throughout the world. As a result, there are several PHP built-in functions available, PHP developers must be familiar with these functions and use them as needed.

8. Meaningful Names For Variables

It is required to utilize the name associated with a variable while using PHP. Because the variable’s type is not defined in PHP, it is considered significant. Details regarding the type of data being saved may be included; for example, if a variable utilizes an integer, it can be used at the start.

9. Make Use Of Indentation And Spacing

The way the code is written with proper indentation and space denotes a title as a good PHP programmer. Anyone else viewing the code should be able to tell where the loop ends and begins.

The way the code is written with proper indentation and spacing denotes a title of being a good PHP programmer. Anyone else who reads the code should be able to tell where the loop ends and starts.

10. Knowledge Of PHP-Based Framework

It takes a long time for people to grasp that employing a web application development / fast app development framework can benefit them. If you want to be a PHP developer, you’ll have to go through a tiny learning curve at first and do a lot of reading to understand how the framework’s API works, but you’ll reap huge productivity and efficiency benefits later.

A WP Life” is a well-known development firm. We provide WordPress development services that are among the best in the industry. Do you wish to promote your business by creating a solid and dependable website? Simply send us an email with your specifications, and we’ll respond with a detailed roadmap.

The Top 10 Frameworks Favored By Front End Developers

The user experience is critical for any company building a website. Regardless of the complexity of the functions and procedures taking place in the background, the user’s perspective and experience must be seamless. Developing interactive, user-centric websites requires the use of front-end frameworks.

The main building blocks of the software development process are the front-end frameworks. If you want to create visually stunning applications with an excellent user experience, there are various technologies available.

Let’s explore the best frameworks used by front-end developers to develop websites.

Now let’s start with a brief introduction to each of the front-end frameworks.


React framework was developed and created by Facebook. As per the Stack Overflow developer’s survey 2021, this framework is the premier UI framework available today, being used by most front-end developers.

Its team focused on creating an intuitive user interface to achieve superior performance. The primary goal was to address the frequent feature additions resulting in front-end coding maintainability issues.

A key component of React’s superior capabilities is its virtual Document Object Model (DOM). Front-end developers who need a stable foundation to handle a large volume of traffic will find it ideal.

In addition, this framework is easy for a new frontend engineer to use, since tutorials are available to help resolve any problems that may arise.


It would be incomplete to list the best front-end frameworks without mentioning Angular. It is a single TypeScript-based framework.

Google created Angular in 2016 as a way to accomplish the ever-increasing needs of technology and the usual ways that results are displayed.

Due to its two-way data binding, Angular is exclusive to React. Time synchronization between view and model means that any changes to the model are immediately reflected on the view, and vice versa.

If you plan to develop web or mobile applications, Angular is an excellent alternative. It may also be used to create advanced web applications and multi-page front-end applications.

Xbox, BMW, Blender, and Forbes have all built Angular applications. For an average front-end developer, Angular is more difficult to learn than React. In spite of the abundance of documentation, it is too complex or confusing to read.


For front-end developers, Vue.js is one of the easiest frameworks available. Angular software developers no longer have to deal with complexities.

It offers two benefits: visual DOM and component-based development. In addition, it makes use of two-way data binding. While developing online applications, you can use this powerful front-end framework for a variety of tasks.

From web and mobile applications to progressive web applications (PWA), Vue.js can manage both dynamic and simple projects. Despite its design to address the complexity and improve app speed, it is not widely adopted by industry leaders. Xiaomi, Alibaba, Reuters, and 9Gag all use this architecture. Despite a decline in Silicon Valley interest, the popularity of Vue.js continues to grow.


Ember.js is a component-based framework from 2011. In a similar way to Angular, it supports multi-way data binding. As a result, it is able to handle the growing demand for contemporary technologies flawlessly. Ember.js may be used to create various online and mobile applications and can be relied upon to address any difficulties.

Nonetheless, Ember has a steep learning curve, which tests the front-end developer’s skills. As a result of its conventional and strict structure, it is one of the most challenging web UI frameworks. Since Ember.js is relatively new and uncharted territory, its developer community is small. Anybody willing to spend enough time acquiring its expertise can give it a shot.


The jQuery front-end framework was introduced in 2006. Irrespective of its release date, what distinguishes it is its role in today’s technological environment. JQuery is not only simple to use, but it also eliminates the need to write complex JavaScript code.

jQuery is mostly used to manipulate DOM and CSS, enhance a website’s usability, and enhance interaction. Recent improvements to jQuery Mobile have demonstrated that its boundaries have been expanded despite the fact that it cannot design mobile applications.

Furthermore, its HTML5-based UI scheme, jQuery Mobile, enables developers to build native mobile apps with this framework. Furthermore, jQuery is browser-friendly and compatible with the browsers front end developers intend to use.


With semantic-UI, you can have a front-end framework that works with both LESS and jQuery. Using Semantic, a front-end designer can develop a language for sharing user interfaces. The entire code is self-explanatory since it uses natural language.

It is a relatively new addition to the ecosphere. Its simple functionality, appealing user interface, and features have led to it being one of the most popular front-end frameworks in the market.

A developer who is new to the field can easily master its use, as it allows a consistent development process with the integration of multiple third-party libraries.


One of the simplest frameworks for developing single-page applications is Backbone.js. This framework is based on MVC. Similar to a controller, the MVC architecture’s view controls the execution of component logic.

This platform also enables you to create projects that require users of different categories, with collections separating the models.

In other words, whether you plan on using Backbone.js for the frontend or the backend, it is an excellent choice, since it is easy to integrate with the REST API.


Preact is a JavaScript library that is the smallest (3KB) alternative to React, with a similar ES6 API. In addition to DOM, Preact provides the minimum practicable virtual DOM abstraction.

Built on a stable foundation, it integrates well with other accessible libraries. The Preact framework is small in size, but not in speed. It helps front-end developers build dynamic web applications.


A modern front-end framework, Svelte. Vue and React can be tapped in the browser, but this framework accumulates tasks instead. It translates the code necessary to update the Document Object Model (DOM) in sync with the application’s state.


Zurb created Foundation to facilitate the development of agile and responsive websites at the enterprise level. Developing applications with Foundation is complex and advanced for newcomers.

It supports GPU acceleration to provide fast mobile rendering, smooth animations, and data-exchange capabilities, allowing lightweight segments to be loaded on heavier devices and mobile sections to be loaded on larger devices.


There are many choices available on the market when it comes to the top front-end frameworks. UI developers can choose from the most innovative ones. React, Angular, Vue.js, Ember.js, Semantic-UI, Backbone.js, Preact, and Svelte are among them. All of these frameworks have their own pros and cons. By considering their knowledge and experience in the technologies, front-end developers need to choose the right framework.