In today’s digital world, a company’s website, as well as its mobile apps, undergo a massive transformation. With the introduction of frameworks and APIs, web development standards have increased throughout time. Companies used to rely only on static websites or PHP-based web applications to build their digital presence, but that’s not the case anymore!

As a result of technology, backend-specific languages and frameworks have been developed. Server-side libraries provide the structure of a website’s back-end so that it’s safe, fast, and customer-friendly.

Frameworks for developing dynamic web applications provide ready-to-use components. When developers use frameworks, they can avoid building and configuring all the required components from scratch.

As companies expand at a rapid pace, backend development will become even more crucial in 2021.

So, here are the top 5 backend languages/frameworks to rule the roots in 2021 and beyond.

Here we go!

1. Node.js

Node

Node.js is the industry leader despite the existence of other JavaScript frameworks. As a JavaScript-based solution, it is familiar to most backend engineers, making it highly efficient for constructing high-end applications. While switching to the backend, developers can take advantage of every advantage of JavaScript development. With a vibrant developer community, Node.js is one of the best backend programming languages. Additionally, a vibrant developer community contributes to the language’s evolution.

2. Python

Python

The Python programming language has grown at an amazing 18–19% annual rate over the last five years. This is one of the most popular backend programming languages due to its compatibility with cutting-edge technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Almost every industry vertical has been using Python as the primary backend language for the past few years, having only recently begun to understand programming. Due to its simple syntax, it is easy to read, learn, and use. Thus, it is widely used for web development, software development, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and other cutting-edge technologies. The language includes features such as rich library support, faster integration with other languages, garbage collection, GUI support, and others.

3. Kotlin

Kotlin

Kotlin is a backend language for the Java Virtual Machine, also known as JVM. Kotlin, which has official support from Google, has been a popular choice for Android development since 2017.
Kotlin also improves readability along with producing fewer codes. Developers will have more time to work on other crucial tasks with less coding. An interesting feature of Kotlin is that it was developed in industry, not academia. Thus, it’s a better tool for resolving programmers’ issues and problems than Java. It can, for instance, prevent developers from encountering null pointer exceptions.

4. Ruby on Rails (RoR)

Ruby on Rails

The Ruby on Rails framework often referred to as RoR, is a popular server-side web application framework written in the Ruby programming language. The RoR framework provides developers with everything they need to write great apps, and a large and friendly community backs it up.
Over the years, the framework has created hundreds of thousands of useful apps such as GitHub, Airbnb, and Hulu. This is because Rails relies on the MVC architectural model, the Configuration Convention (CoC) and No Repetitions (DRY) principles, easy code modification, and the proactive Rails community.
Developers can easily add new features based on needs because it’s predictable. In addition, the framework is applicable to both long-term and short-term initiatives and can be applied in multiple economic sectors.

5. Java

Java

Java’s appeal seems to diminish with every passing day. The language continues to maintain a high level of popularity in the world of technology year after year as the numbers show.
The number of Java developers living around the world is approximately 8 million; perhaps this can give you some idea of the language’s popularity and demand. This framework is commonly used to develop Android apps, online apps, desktop apps, and scientific apps. The quality of applications is also improved by Java developers hired by top-tier companies like Adobe, Amazon, Flipkart, and others.

Wrapping Up

As with any programming language, there are benefits and drawbacks. Choosing the perfect language for you depends entirely on your requirements and budget.

Any of the above-mentioned language and framework options are suitable for business-level programs.

To get a great application, get in touch with one of India’s top software development companies today.

Alexia Barlier
A WP Life

Hi! We are A WP Life, we develop best WordPress themes and plugins for blog and websites.

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